A calm day on the Yellow Sea off the shore of Qingdao.

Chinese culture, agriculture, technology, and science for more than six thousand years. Historically, when the river flooded, it would wash away most villages in its path; thus, people lived high up in hills or low down near riversides to avoid floods or groundwater contamination. The highest peak in the province is Mount Tai (also known as Taishan), one of China’s five sacred mountains. Mount Tai is arguably the foremost of the holy mountains. The five sacred mountains are often regarded as the “axis of the world” in China. They are associated with long-held ideas about the origin of its culture and civilization. The mountains symbolize Chinese Taoism, a combination of philosophy and religion dating back to ancient times.



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