Saffron is a locally grown spice commonly used in many dishes throughout the region.

Locally grown ingredients include rice, wheat, bulgur, semolina, fava beans, chickpeas, green peas, white beans, carrots, zucchini, artichokes, potatoes, onions, pomegranates, dates, watermelons, peaches, grapes, almonds, pine nuts, walnuts, white spinach, and more. Spices and herbs used include sesame, saffron, allspice, garlic, cumin, sumac, and others. Preparation techniques include roasting food over flames, the most common method used by nomadic Arabic tribes throughout history. Meat, in particular, is heavily seasoned and roasted to bring out its rich flavors. Heavy seasoning adds a lot of spice to Arabian food. Dishes typically consist of the main meat dish with vegetables,

rice, or couscous on the side. Common Dishes

A standard Saudi meal would commonly include a range of ingredients, including chicken, fava beans, rice, yogurt, and

Chapter 1: Saudi Arabia, Bahrain & Qatar


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