Africans and Caribbeans Black Africans are London’s second largest ethnic minority. They come from countries such as Nigeria and Kenya. Many Somalis migrated to London to escape their country’s civil war in the early 1990’s. Black Caribbeans are London’s third largest ethnic minority. Many come from islands such as Jamaica and from Guyana. Racism and riots London’s minorities have often suffered racism. In 1958 there were riots against Caribbeans in Notting Hill. In the 1970s skinheads attacked Bangladeshis in Brick Lane. Many black people rioted against discrimination in Brixton and Tottenham in the 1980s. The racial situation in London is slowly improving, but there are still problems.

RELIGIOUS REFUGEES In the past the East End was a refuge for two groups of people escaping religious persecution. Huguenots from France arrived in the 17th century after their Protestant religion was banned. In the late 19th century Jews fleeing pogroms in Russia and Central Europe came to London. Many Jews live in North London. Some belong to ultra- orthodox groups (below).

⌂ A street market in Brixton, a south London area with a large Afro-Caribbean population. African and Caribbean foods are sold here.

A young population London’s population has been rising since the mid-1980s. Asylum-seekers from abroad have contributed to this increase. Other new inhabitants are single young people attracted by jobs or universities. Retired people and couples with children often leave the capital.

This means that London’s population is younger than the UK’s as a whole.



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