The Hundred Years’ War In 1328, the Capetian line of kings died out and the first Valois king, Philip VI, began his rule. In 1337, war broke out with England because the English king, Edward III, thought that he had the right to rule France. The war continued until 1453 and is known as the Hundred Years’ War. The English took over Paris in 1420. Troops led by Joan of Arc failed to win the city

back in 1429, but the French king Charles VII recaptured it in 1436. The Wars of Religion Paris was a successful city during the reign of Francis I

The 1572 massacre of Protestants began late on August 23 and went on to August 24, St. Bartholemew’s Day. As a result, it is called the St. Bartholemew’s Day Massacre.

(1515-47). In 1562, the Wars of Religion began between Roman Catholics and Huguenots . In 1572, about 3,000 Paris Protestants were killed in a massacre. Henry IV, the first Bourbon king, had to become a Catholic before he was allowed into Paris in 1594, but he was later assassinated by a Catholic, in 1610.

The Sun King In 1643, Louis XIV came to the throne. He reigned from the Palace of Versailles as the all-powerful Sun King, and took control of Paris government. The next king was Louis XV, who moved the court back to Paris. He was a weak man and spent far too much money on war, which plunged France into debt. The king’s incompetence and new Enlightenment ideas made people demand a different kind of government.

⌂ King Louis XIV in all his splendor. He disliked Paris, and had the Palace of Versailles built well outside the city.



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