father’s remarriage, as he had a great deal of love and respect for his mother’s sister, Cataline. In 1922, Dali won the University Vice-Chancellor’s prize for his work, Market , which was exhibited at the Students’ Original Art Works Competition, held in Barcelona. Back in Madrid, he attended the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, a painting, sculpture, and engraving school, where he made friends with a group of likeminded people. Here, Dali began to become increasingly aware of his own eccentricity. He had long hair and sideburns and chose to wear a coat, stockings, and knee-breeches. Despite his unconventional demeanor, he made friends with the likes of Pepin Bello, also an artist, Luis Buñuel, a writer, and Federico Garcia Lorca, a playwright, with whom there was a mutual passion. By now, Dali was experimenting with Cubism and was gaining a reputation as a promising artist. He was, unfortunately, expelled in 1923 after being accused of leading a student protest against painter Daniel Vazquez Diaz, and he returned to study under Juan Nunez who taught him the technique of etching. In 1924, he exhibited at the Iberian Artists Society in Madrid. He also illustrated his first book, Les Bruixes de Llers , written by his school friend, and poet, Climent.

(AP Photo)

 ABOVE:  André Breton, poet and essayist credited with the founding of Surrealism in literature and art, shown in 1962.  BELOW:  Max Ernst and Paul Éluard with Gala, skiing in Austria, 1922.


(Mary Evans/Epic/Tallandier)

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