Karakoram range. Masherbrum is also near the Baltoro Glacier and is known by climbers as the world’s hardest alpine climb due to its dangerous avalanches. The Himalayas are very important to Central and South Asian people. Locals call them the “Roof of the World.” The mountains in the north protect Pakistan and hold back the frigid Siberian winds. If those were let in, Pakistan would have a much colder climate. Most rivers in Pakistan originate in these mountains, providing much-needed water for the fertile basins at the mountain bases. Timber is harvested for construction. UNESCO Sites Pakistan is home to two United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) biosphere reserves designed as conservation zones

K2 and Broad Peak mountains behind the Baltoro Glacier viewed from the K2 base camp.


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