Each of the pyramid’s four walls measured together as a straight line add up to 36,524 inches. Interestingly, the exact length of a year is 365.24 days.The four sides of the pyramid are slightly concave. Remarkably, the bow created by these stone blocks matches the exact curva- ture of the Earth. If the circumference of the pyramid is divided by twice its height (the diameter of a circle is twice the radius), the result is 3.14159, which happens to be the mathematical constant known as pi. About 2,300,000 stone blocks ranging in weight from 2 to 70 tons each were used to con- struct the pyramid. Originally, it was covered entirely in white limestone, and its very smooth surface and seams that were almost undetectable made it impossible to climb.The flat and high- ly polished surface reflected the sun’s rays and made the pyramid shine like a jewel or giant mir- rors in the desert. In fact, the ancient Egyptians called the Great Pyramid Ikhet or Glorious Light. The structure is oriented almost perfectly to the north. Glen Dash, an engineer who studies the pyramids at Giza as part of Ancient Egypt Research Associates (AERA), has noted that Khu-
fu’s pyramid is aligned to true north within one-tenth of a degree. The structure also stands at the exact center of the Earth’s land mass at a point of 30 degrees longitude and 30 degrees latitude. It is also positioned so that on the first day of the spring equinox, March 21, the north face disappears in shadow at exactly noon. American author PeterTompkins saw the pyramid as a huge clock. Others have thought it was a type of observatory.
Learn more about the secrets of the pyramids.
HowWereThey Constructed? The ancient Egyptian civilization was quite advanced.They were skilled boatbuilders and astrono- mers.They developed the concept of the 12-month calendar year and a way of writing, produced art and architecture, and made advances in farming. But even though these ancient people had a great deal of knowledge, scholars have puzzled over how they built the enormous structures.
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